Statistics show that one in 250 men will experience testicular cancer in their lifetime. The average age of diagnosis is around 33, though 6% of cases are diagnosed in adolescents, and 8% are discovered in men 55 and older.
Fortunately for those diagnosed, testicular cancer is one of the most treatable forms of cancer, even when the cancer has spread beyond the testicle. If caught early enough, most men are able to make a full recovery through one of several treatments, or a combination of multiple.
Testicular cancer occurs in the testes, or testicles, egg shaped organs located within the loose pouch of skin beneath the penis called the scrotum. Testicles are reproductive glands that produce male sex hormones and sperm. Over 90% of testicular cancer cases originate in germ cells, specialized cells that make sperm, though testicular cancer can begin in other kinds of cells as well.
The type of testicular cancer depends on the kind of cell from which it originates. Each form of testicular cancer has its own unique set of characteristics, such as growth rate, risk of spreading, and the ages at which a person is most likely to develop that specific form of cancer.
Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer may include:
It is important to note that testicular cancer typically only affects one of the testicles.
Unfortunately, in most cases of testicular cancer, a root cause is not clear.
Testicular cancer can occur when the healthy cells within the testicle are changed or altered in any way. Sometimes cells can develop abnormalities, causing growth to become out of control - the cells continue to divide even when new cells are not needed. These accumulating cells join and form a mass within the testicle.
Nearly all testicular cancers start in the germ cells, but what causes germ cells to become abnormal and evolve into cancer is still unknown.
There are a few factors that could increase your likelihood of developing testicular cancer, and those include:
While there is no way to prevent testicular cancer, performing self-examinations to identify testicular abnormalities is an easy way to potentially detect the cancer at its earliest stages.
Self-examinations for testicular cancer can be performed in three easy steps:
Testicular cancer can usually be treated successfully, and a man’s lifetime risk of dying from this cancer is extremely low: about one in 5,000.
Urology Associates of Mobile will work closely with you or your diagnosed loved one to develop an individualized treatment plan that works for you.
Though testicular cancer is often treated with surgery, chemotherapy is essential in late-stage testicular cancer to reduce the risk of recurrence. Your treatment plan may also include radiation therapy.
In the event that a patient needs a high dose of chemotherapy, the expert team of urologists at Urology Associates of Mobile may combine your treatment with stem cell transplants to restore bone marrow that is sometimes damaged by chemotherapy medications.
If you or someone you know is experiencing any of the symptoms of or related to testicular cancer, request an appointment today. With a long history of treating testicular cancer, we are well-versed in advanced chemotherapy and multidisciplinary treatments, while we move towards the ultimate goal of a cure.
Statistics show that one in 250 men will experience testicular cancer in their lifetime. The average age of diagnosis is around 33, though 6% of cases are diagnosed in adolescents, and 8% are discovered in men 55 and older. Fortunately for those diagnosed, testicular cancer is one of the most treatable forms of cancer, even…