Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in Women
One in five women will experience at least one symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) in their life. Twenty percent of women who have one UTI will experience another and 30% of those will have another. Of this last 30%, 80% will experience recurrent UTIs throughout their lifetime.
A urinary tract infection is an infection of any part of your urinary system including your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Most commonly, UTIs affect the bladder and urethra.
Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in Women
Symptoms of a urinary tract infection include:
- Urinary urgency
- Burning with urination
- Cloudy urine
- Red or bright pink urine
- Strong smelling urine
- Pelvic pain
Risk Factors of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in Women
Risk factors for a urinary tract infection include:
- Sexual activity
- Certain types of birth control
- Urinary tract abnormalities
- Blockage in the urinary tract
- Suppressed immune system
- Catheter use
- Recent urinary procedure
Diagnosing a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in Women
Your physician will first take a urine sample to analyze the white blood cells, red blood cells, or bacteria. In some cases, a urine culture will be needed to further analyze the urine. For recurrent UTIs, your physician may recommend a CT scan of the area or perform a procedure known as a cystoscopy to look inside the urethra and bladder.
Treating a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in Women
Treatment of a UTI is usually performed with antibiotics. The antibiotic prescribed will be determined by the type of bacteria and the patient’s overall health condition.
Preventing a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in Women
There are a number of steps that you can take to prevent a urinary tract infection. These include staying hydrated by drinking a minimum of eight cups of water daily, choose showering over a bath, avoiding scented hygiene products, and taking vitamin C supplements.