Kidney cancer is a type of cancer that forms within the kidney. It can occur in one or both kidneys and normally forms in the lining of tiny tubules within the kidneys. The most common form of kidney cancer found in adults is renal cell carcinoma.
Symptoms of Kidney Cancer
Symptoms of kidney cancer include:
- Blood in the urine
- Back pain
- Loss of appetite
- Unexplained weight loss
- Intermittent fever
Risk Factors of Kidney Cancer
Risk factors for kidney cancer include:
- Old age
- High blood pressure specifically hypertension
- Long term dialysis
- Family history of kidney cancer
- Certain genetic conditions
Diagnosing Kidney Cancer
Your physician will most likely complete blood and urine tests to determine the cause of your symptoms. Additionally, a CT scan or MRI may be performed. The final diagnosis will be obtained via a kidney biopsy.
Stages of kidney cancer range from Stage I where the tumor is contained within the kidney and approximately 2 ¾ inches in diameter to Stage IV where the cancer has spread outside the kidney into the lymph nodes and other body organs.
Treating Kidney Cancer
The treatment for kidney cancer depends on multiple factors including the stage of the bladder cancer and the patient’s overall health. The most common type of treatment for kidney cancer is surgery. Surgical options typically include a partial nephrectomy or a radical nephrectomy.