Epididymitis / Orchitis

Epididymitis / Orchitis

Epididymitis is a condition that is described as the inflammation of the coiled tube behind the testicle that stores and carries the sperm. This tube is known as the epididymis.

Symptoms of Epididymitis

Symptoms of epididymitis include:

  • A swollen, warm, red scrotum
  • Testicular pain and tenderness
  • Pain with urination
  • Frequency
  • Penile discharge
  • Abdominal pain
  • Blood in the semen

Risk Factors of Epididymitis

Risk factors of epididymitis include:

  • Intercourse with a partner who has a sexually transmitted disease (STD)
  • History of sexually transmitted disease (STD)
  • History of prostate or urinary tract infections
  • Catheter use
  • An uncircumcised penis
  • Prostate enlargement

Diagnosing Epididymitis

Your physician will typically perform a complete physical exam to check for enlarged lymph nodes in the groin or an enlarged testicle. In addition, he or she may also complete a digital rectal exam to check for an enlarged prostate. In addition to a physical exam, your physician may recommend a STD screening as well as other urine and blood tests to check for infection.

Treatments for Epididymitis

Treatment of epididymitis involves the use of antibiotics. The type of antibiotics depends on the underlying infection. If the cause is an STD, your partner will also need to be treated.