Prostatitis is a condition that causes swelling and inflammation of the prostate. Prostatitis is most common in men 50 years of age or younger and it can present as either an acute or chronic condition.
Symptoms of Prostatitis
Symptoms of prostatitis include:
- Pain with urination
- Blood in urine
- Groin, back or abdominal pain
- Painful ejaculation
- Flu-like symptoms
Risk Factors of Prostatitis
Risk factors for prostatitis include:
- Age (Prostatitis most commonly affects middle aged men.)
- History of prostatitis
- Current bladder infection
- Catheter use
- History of HIV/AIDS
- History of a previous prostate biopsy
Your physician will begin with a complete history and physical exam to rule out other conditions that could potentially be causing the symptoms. Additional tests that may be recommended are urine and blood tests to check for infections and a CT scan to provide visual imaging of the area.
Treatment for prostatitis varies based on the root cause of the condition. If the root cause is found to be an infection, antibiotics will be prescribed to treat the prostatitis. The type of antibiotic prescribed would vary based on type of underlying infection. Alpha blockers may be prescribed to relax the bladder neck and thus relieve some of the symptoms such as painful urination.